Badrinath Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu which is situated in the town of Badrinath in Uttarakhand, India. The temple and town are one of the four Char Dham* pilgrimage sites. The temple is also one of the 108 Divya Desams dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Badrinath holy shrines for Vaishnavites.
Badrinath Temple is the most important of the four sites in India’s Char Dham pilgrimage and gets its name from the Holy temple of Badrinath. It is open for six months every year, between the end of April and the beginning of November, because of extreme weather conditions in the Himalayan region.
Badrinath has an average elevation of 3,100 metres. It is in the Garhwal Himalayas, on the banks of the Alaknanda River. The town lies between the Nar and Narayana mountain ranges 9 kilometres east of Nilkantha peak. Badrinath is located 62 kilometres northwest of Nanda Devi peak and 301 kilometres north of Rishikesh. Badrinath is a holy town in Chamoli district in the state of Uttarakhand, India.
According to the Bhagavata Purana, Badrikashram the supreme being – Vishnu, in his incarnation as the sages Nara and Narayana. It is believed that Badrinath was originally established as a pilgrimage site by Adi Shankara in the ninth century. He resided in the place for six years from 814 to 820 AD. He resided six months in Badrinath and the rest of the year in Kedarnath. He is believed to have discovered the image of Badrinath in the Alaknanda River and enshrined it in a cave near the Tapt Kund hot springs
The nearest airport is the Jolly Grant Airport near Dehradun 317 kilometers away by road. However, the distance by a helicopter journey is hardly 100 km. There are many providers of helicopter service from Dehradun and Phata. Rishikesh is the major starting point for road journey to Badrinath. The best time to visit Badrinath is between June and September. Badrinath is reached by national highway NH58 that connects Delhi with Mana Pass in Uttarakhand near Indo-Tibet border. Rishikesh is the major starting point for road journey to Badrinath. Located only 24 kilometers from the Indo-China (Tibet) border, Badrinath is generally a one day journey from either Kedarnath, the site that precedes it in the Char Dham circuit, or one of the main disembarkation points on the plains. The temple and its surrounding village are accessible by road.
*Char Dham tend to be the names associated with four pilgrimage places in India which are widely adored by the majority of the Hindus. The Char Dhams are: Badrinath, Dwarka, Jagannath Puri, and Rameshwaram.