The Tirumala Hill is 853 metrs above sea level. It comprises seven peaks, representing the seven heads of Adisesha, thus earning the name Seshachalam. The seven peaks are called Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrushabhadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri. The temple is on Venkatadri, which is also known as Venkatachala or Venkata Hill, the seventh peak, and is also known as the Temple of Seven Hills – Saptagiri Temple. It represent the Saptarishi – seven sages. They sometimes called the Sapathagiri. Hence the Lord is named Saptagirinivasa. The Gaaligopuram on Tirumala walkway from Tirupati and Mokalla Mitta Gopuram Tirumala hills Andhra Pradesh have these seven hills:
- Vrushabhadri – Hill of Nandi, the vahana of Lord Shiva
- Anjanadri — Hill of Lord Hanuman
- Neeladri – Hill of Neela Devi
- Garudadri or Garudachalam – Hill of Garuda, the vahana of Lord Vishnu
- Seshadri or Seshachalam – Hill of Sesha, the dasa of Lord Vishnu
- Naraynadri – Hill of Narayana. Srivari Padalu are located here
- Venkatadri – Hill of Lord Venkateswara
The temple is the richest pilgrimage centre, after the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, and is the most-visited place of worship in the world. Venkateshwara, this south Indian temple is dedicated to a form of Lord Vishnu, and is the most popular place for pilgrimage in the country.
The temple is visited by about 50,000 to 100,000 pilgrims daily while on special occasions and festivals, like the annual Brahmotsavam, the number of pilgrims shoots up to 500,000, making it the most-visited holy place in the world.
The town celebrates most Vaishnava festivals, including Vaikuntha Ekadasi, Rama Navami, and Janmashtami with great splendor, while the Brahmotsavam celebrated every year during September is the most important festival in Tirumala. The temple receives millions of devotees over the short span of a week. Other major festivals include Vasanthotsavam – spring festival, conducted in March–April, and Rathasapthami – Magha Shuddha Saptami, celebrated in February, when Lord Venkateswara’s deity is taken on procession around the temple chariots.